Low-temperature carbon steel (LTCS) is the term used to denote any non-stainless steel type. LTCS sheet is a versatile product made of iron and carbon components. To include steel in the carbon steel category, it has to have 2.1% carbon of its total weight. Low-temperature carbon steel material list should contain quantities of molybdenum, nickel, niobium, titanium, tungsten and zirconium in the right way. This combination creates a strong alloy that is highly resistant to corrosion while retaining its ductility over time.
For this reason, low-carbon steel sheets are specifically designed to provide affordable solutions for various structural needs. Carbon steel plates become more rigid and robust when exposed to heat treatment. The heat treatment enhances specific properties while causing a loss of ductility. High carbon in these carbon steel plates renders them less weldable. It has excellent strength and durability, making it an ideal choice for many engineering applications. LTCS is designed for use in low-temperature environments below -150 degrees Fahrenheit and is mainly used in constructing cryogenic spaceships and low-temperature applications within chemical plants with temperatures lower than -55 degrees Celsius.
Low-carbon steel plates are measured using millimetre and gauge units worldwide. Plates are the thicker forms of carbon steel sheets. Carbon content in mild carbon steel plates is only 0.5-0.25% of the total weight. The surface hardness of these plates is increased using carburization. LTCS plates are famous for their low cost and usability in many applications. These LTCS plates have a low-tensile strength in comparison to other steels. Cold-forming becomes easy in these low-carbon plates owing to their less carbon. Our suppliers can customize our ASTM low-temperature carbon steel sheets to meet your specific requirements.
There are several types of low-carbon steel sheets, including:
Cold Rolled Low Carbon Steel Sheets: These sheets are produced by cold rolling, a process in which the steel is cooled at room temperature. This process increases the strength and hardness of the steel while maintaining a low carbon content.
Hot Rolled Low Carbon Steel Sheets: These sheets are produced by hot rolling, a process in which the steel is heated above its recrystallization temperature. This process has softer, more ductile steel with lower carbon content.
Galvanized Low Carbon Steel Sheets: These sheets have a coating of zinc on the surface, which provides excellent corrosion resistance. They are commonly used in construction and other applications where durability is a concern.
Electro-Galvanized Low Carbon Steel Sheets: These sheets are coated with zinc using electroplating. This results in a thinner, more uniform coating than hot-dip galvanized sheets, offering good rust resistance.
Black Low Carbon Steel Sheet: These sheets are often coated with a layer of oil to prevent rusting and are used for automotive parts, machinery and other applications where a black finish is desired.
Pickled and Oiled Low Carbon Steel Sheet: These sheets are cleaned using a pickling process to remove surface impurities and then coated with oil to prevent rusting. They are commonly used in manufacturing pipes, tubes and other industrial products.