All steels are alloys, but not all steels are “Alloy steels”. Alloy steel tubing is added with many elements, which consist of 1.0-50% of the total weight. Commonly alloyed elements include nickel, chromium, vanadium, silicon, manganese molybdenum, and boron. Some lesser alloyed elements include copper, cobalt, titanium, cerium, zirconium, tin, zinc, niobium, and lead. The addition of alloying elements gives the alloy steel tubing a variety of characteristics. These tubings have toughness, strength, wearing resistance, corrosion resistance and hardenability. The alloying elements are added in small amounts to the alloy to give it increased strength and hardenability. When corrosion resistance and extreme temperature usability are required, the alloy is added with a higher amount of alloyants. Many applications, such as jet engine parts, nuclear reactors and spacecraft parts, make use of alloy steels. The ferromagnetic properties, due to the iron present in these steel alloy tubing, make them usable in electric motors in transformers. Mechanical treatments are easy on alloy steels, as these are much more responsive in comparison to carbon steels.
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